Inclusion and integration are terms that are often used as equal concepts that share the same meaning, especially in the educational field. Inclusion and integration are not synonymous words: you have to learn them, to avoid leaving aside right subjects. After all, society belongs to everyone.
Inclusion and integration represent totally different philosophies, even though they have seemingly equal goals or similar meanings.
While it is true, moving from exclusion to Inclusion is a long process of change and evolution. In the midst of this transition we can situate integration. Now, we must go further, step by step without forgetting that the last end is always inclusion.
Inclusion and Integration: 7 differences
1- Inclusion does not focus on denying the fact, it focuses on its capabilities.
2- Inclusion involves deep transformations in the education system.
3- The inclusion is not based on the principles of equality and competition is based on the principles of equity, cooperation and solidarity.2
4- Inclusion does not try to bring the person into a model of being, of thinking and acting “normalized”, accepts each as it is, recognizing each person with their individual characteristics.
5- Inclusion is not to give all people the same, but to give each one what he needs to enjoy the same rights.
6- Educational inclusion seeks to eliminate the barriers that are found that prevent you from participating in the educational and social system.
7- Inclusion does not disguise the limitations, because they are real.
Why talk about Inclusion? What are its benefits?
People with disabilities, especially those with intellectual disabilities and their families, are the most marginalized groups in society and are more likely to suffer exploitation, violence and abuse (International Inclusion). The rights of Persons with Disabilities have not been protected or respected in the same way as those of persons without disabilities.
People with Disabilities have the same rights as People without Disabilities, but these rights must be promoted and protected.
We are not equal, we are different. The difference is in accepting our differences.