Work has many positive things, however, when the work is inadequate or certain standards are not respected for the worker, it can also cause undesirable effects on the health of the workers, either due to the loss or absence of work or due to the conditions in which the work is done.
Occupational health aims to promote and maintain the highest level of physical, mental and social well-being of workers of all professions, prevent any damage to their health by working conditions, protect them in their employment against the risks for health and place and keep the worker in a job that suits their psychological and physiological skills. In short, adapt work to man and every man to his work.
Work is the activity that man performs by transforming nature for his benefit, seeking to satisfy different human needs: subsistence, the improvement of the quality of life, the position of the individual within society, personal satisfaction.
This work activity can also cause unwanted effects on the health of workers, either due to the loss or absence of work (since the precariousness of the labor market and unemployment can pose a significant health problem, with individual repercussions, family or social) or by the conditions in which the work is performed (accidents, illnesses and health damages arising from the work environment).
Although the ways of understanding work have varied throughout history, as we know it today, the work has two fundamental characteristics: technification and organization.
1) Technification: we refer to the invention and use of machines, tools and work equipment that facilitate the realization of the various tasks of nature transformation.
2) The organization: it is the planning of the work activity. By coordinating the tasks performed by the different workers, a better result is achieved with less effort.
When the effects of technification are not adequately controlled and the work organization system does not work properly, there may be risks for the safety and health of the workers.
Therefore, it is necessary to promote initiatives aimed at achieving a job with a degree of technology that frees us to the maximum of the risks that threaten our health and at the same time ensure that work is organized in a manner consistent with the personal and social needs of the individuals in general and the workers in particular.
Wait a moment, wait a moment, please … what is health?
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as “the state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not only the absence of disease”. Health is a fundamental human right, and achieving the highest possible level of health is a social objective (therefore, also a trade union).
From the definition of the WHO, it is important to highlight the positive aspect, since there is talk of a state of well-being and not only the absence of disease, a more negative aspect that is usually referred to when talking about health. We must also emphasize its integral conception, which encompasses physical, mental and social well-being.
This is why it is essential to mention the organization and business structure. The poorly organized organizational structure can have consequences at the physical level but, above all, affect mental and social well-being.
Symptoms of excess of work:
Signs that you are exceeding the time you spend working include deferring your normal hours for food and hydration or even canceling them by serving other pending. This directly affects productivity and creativity by reducing or stopping eating enough food for the well-being of our body. Taking work home every night or taking weekends as an extension of time to do office work is another symptom of work excess that can affect our health.